Introduction to Java programming
Java is defined by a specification and consists of a programming language, a compiler, core libraries and a runtime (Java virtual machine) The Java runtime allows software developers to write program code in other languages than the Java programming language which still runs on the Java virtual machine. The Java platform is usually associated with the Java virtual machine and the Java core libraries.
The benefits of using Java include:
- Excellent tools: IDE, CI, etc.
- The vast range of 3rd party libraries.
- Documentation available.
- The large network of developers
- Works across multiple platforms
- Excellent performance and specification.
- Stable methods of garbage collection.
- Native threads.
- Managed memory.
- Choice of implementation for multiple vendors.
So, Undoubtedly, Java has emerged a strong player over several years hence it is doing several things right. However, every language has its own advantages and disadvantages; Java too has several lacunae but it can be overlooked due to the numerous benefits it has to offer.
Java vs Other Programming Languages
The fact that, Java is one of the most popular programming languages and Java is used to make web applications, web portals and customized software, including M-commerce Solutions and E-commerce.
This article analyzes Java to some other commonly used languages and tries to see if Java comes out on top.
Java was created initially to support network computing. But C++ was designed mainly for systems programming and extending the C programming language. Though Java is slower than C++. Compare the libraries of two languages, C++ standard libraries are simple and robust, providing containers and associative arrays but Java has a powerful cross-platform library. Java was basically derived from C++.
Ruby’s interpreted code than Java code is first translated into virtual machine code which runs faster. And the Ruby will take fewer lines of code as compared to Java. High traffic sites use Java rather than Ruby. A few years back, Twitter migrated to Java and Scala from Ruby. JRuby, basically written in Java is an implementation of the Ruby programming language atop the Java Virtual Machine. Java and Ruby are object-oriented languages and are strongly typed.
Python is a fully supports object-oriented programming. Java is not a pure object-oriented language. Java is characterized as a low-level implementation language, whereas Python is connected system components. Java runs fast as compared to Python. Python programs are shorter as compared to Java programs.
Java is a general-purpose language whereas PHP is a server-side scripting language. Java is a strongly typed language whereas PHP is a weakly typed language. A major difference between the two is that in PHP, the JVM is restarted after every request; this can result in extra performance problems.
Java is a platform-independent language. C# is not quite platform independent as it can run on Windows and Mac OS-X but not Linux. If security or performance is being considered then both languages receive a similar score.
Benefits of Developing Enterprise Application in Java
- Open source technology
- Security features
- Reusable Code
- User-friendly apps
- Nature and Behavior
So, Now that you know about the points of strengths and weaknesses of Java, the most popular programming language, you will arrive at the better decision of developing the perfect application for your enterprise.
Also Read: The 5 Worst Programming Languages Which You Should Avoid Learning in 2018
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